WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME and cannabis studies
The question of whether a clinically significant marijuana (cannabis) withdrawal syndrome exists remains controversial. In spite of the mounting clinical and preclinical evidence suggesting that such a syndrome exists (Beardsley et al., 1986; Budney et al., 2001; Holson et al., 1989; Huestis et al., 2001), the DSM-IV does not include marijuana withdrawal as a diagnostic category.
Science & Research
1984 - Study ~ Marijuana withdrawal syndrome in a woman.
1987 - Excerpt ~ Merck Manual - Marijuana (Cannabis).
2003 - Study ~ The Time Course and Significance of Cannabis Withdrawal.
2008 - Study ~ Cannabis withdrawal in the United States: results from NESARC.
2008 - Excerpt ~ Merck Manual - Marijuana (Cannabis).
2008 - News ~ Pot, Tobacco Withdrawal Equally Rough.
2009 - Study ~ Actions of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in cannabis.
2011 - Study ~ Antagonist-elicited cannabis withdrawal in humans.