WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME and cannabis studies
The question of whether a clinically significant marijuana (cannabis) withdrawal syndrome exists remains controversial. In spite of the mounting clinical and preclinical evidence suggesting that such a syndrome exists (Beardsley et al., 1986; Budney et al., 2001; Holson et al., 1989; Huestis et al., 2001), the DSM-IV does not include marijuana withdrawal as a diagnostic category.
Science & Research
2011 - Study ~ Antagonist-elicited cannabis withdrawal in humans.
2009 - Study ~ Actions of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in cannabis.2009 - Study ~ Cannabis withdrawal severity and short-term course among cannabis-dependent adolescent and young adult inpatients.
2008 - Study ~ Cannabis withdrawal in the United States: results from NESARC.
2008 - Excerpt ~ Merck Manual - Marijuana (Cannabis).
2005 - Study ~ Decrease in prostaglandin level is a prerequisite for the expression of cannabinoid withdrawal: a quasi abstinence approach.
2004 - Study ~ Review of the Validity and Significance of Cannabis Withdrawal Syndrome
2003 - Study ~ The Time Course and Significance of Cannabis Withdrawal.